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How to tile a wall
Develop a sensational wall with appealing, resilient and practical wall tiles
Tiling is an experienced job but we’re here to help you get the very best finish to your wall tiles. Whether you’re tiling a whole bathroom, a shower cubicle, a splashback in a kitchen area or a little area around a fireplace, our recommendations will assist you attain a great outcome.
Before you begin, it is very important to prepare your tiling. Calculating the number of tiles & adhesive you require, preparing the wall and planning out the position of the tiles are all necessary elements. Our guide to preparing your wall tiles covers all you need to understand prior to tiling.
This guide will walk you through how to lay the tiles. In our example we’re tiling an entire wall with square tiles in a linear tiling style. We’ll explain how to:
- Repair entire tiles to a wall
- Cut tiles for corners and obstacles and apply corner tile trim
- Grout and finish wall tiles
- Seal around the edges of tiling
Tools & Products
- Wall tiles
- Filler – if you have any holes in the wall that need filling. If the hole in the wall is larger than the size of your fist, we advise getting an expert to make the repair.
- Tile adhesive – we recommend ready-mixed tile adhesive to conserve time
- Tile spacers
- Sanitary sealant – we suggest anti-mould sealant for a surface that lasts
- Grout – we advise ready-mixed grout
- Multi-purpose clothes
- Tile trim – as needed.
- Tape measure
- Chinagraph pencil or felt-tip pen – if needed, to mark tiles for cutting
- Notched trowel (also called a notched spreader).
- Tile cutter.
- Tile file – if needed.
- Hacksaw – if required, to cut the tile trim.
- Grout spreader (likewise known as a grout float).
- Grout finisher (likewise known as a grout shaper).
- Claw hammer.
- Cartridge weapon – if required. Some sealant comes as a trigger gun and does not need a cartridge gun. Inspect the product guidelines for the sealant.
- Sealant smoother.
- Security gloves.
- Dust mask.
- When cutting tiles, wear safety goggles and a dust mask to safeguard you from flying pieces and sharp edges.
How to tile an entire wall.
When you’ve prepared the tiles, prepared the wall and repaired your timber battens, lay whole tiles first by following these actions.
Scoop up some tile adhesive with the trowel and press it onto the wall, starting in the corner formed by the lumber battens. Then spread it with the notched trowel, working far from the corner with horizontal strokes. Hold the edge of the notched trowel at an angle of about 45 °. The ridges in the adhesive will guarantee there’s an equal amount behind each tile, making it simpler to get them all level. Try not to work on more than one square metre at a time, as the adhesive might begin hardening before you have actually put all the tiles in place.
Choose an ideal tile adhesive for your tiles: for ceramic tiles use a ready-mixed tile adhesive or powder adhesive and a powder tile adhesive for porcelain tiles.
Apply adhesive to the wall and likewise on the back of the tiles if your tiles are larger than 20 x 20.
Place your very first tile into the corner, pushing its edges versus the corners and the entire tile strongly against the wall. Include a tile above it and one next to the initial tile pressing them firmly into the adhesive utilizing a twisting action.
If you let it dry it’ll be really difficult to take off, wipe off any adhesive from the tiles with a moist sponge as you go–.
Leading idea – using mosaic tiles.
When using mosaic tiles to the wall, hold a piece of board over the tiles while the adhesive is wet and tap the board lightly with a rubber mallet. This will offer the tiles a flat, even finish.
Some mosaics are set at different heights, in which case you ought to utilize your hand to ensure they’re all individually bedded into the adhesive.
Put tile spacers into the corners in between the tiles and adjust the tile positions as and when needed. Push them in strongly and place them flush versus the wall so you can grout over them.
Add another tile above the last one you used, and another next to it. Continue using the whole tiles in this way till you have actually tiled the area covered with tile adhesive.
Apply another square metre of adhesive and tiles till you have actually fixed all the entire tiles.
At the edges of the wall, put one leg of the spacer in between the tiles so the rest is protruding– we’ll eliminate this later prior to grouting.
Leave to dry for the length of time directed on the tile adhesive guidelines.
Eliminate the vertical wood batten by prising out it’s nails with the claw of a hammer.
Fix entire tiles to the other section of the wall, beginning with the corner beside the tiles you have actually currently fixed.
Once all the entire tiles have actually been repaired and are dry, get rid of the horizontal wood batten.
Now you’ve fixed all of the whole tiles, you’re ready to fill the edges and corners of the wall. Head to ‘How to tile corners’ to find out how to do this.
How to tile corners.
In this section, we’ll talk you through tiling corners. There are two kinds of corner– internal and external. These could be corners developed by corners or walls created by blockages:.
The corner join in between 2 walls, for instance the corner of a space, or the corner developed by a door frame.
Outward-facing corner that protrudes into the room, for example the corner of a function wall or the edge of a window recess.
There’s a different technique for tiling depending on the kind of corner, and we’ll describe both techniques in this section.
Often you may discover that you can fit whole tiles across the wall without requiring to cut a tile for the corner. If no cuts are needed, jump to the section ‘How to finish and grout wall tiles’.
In most cases, you’ll require to cut a tile to suit the corner.
How to measure and mark tiles for cutting.
There are two ways to mark a tile and measure for cutting:.
Hold the tile you’ll be cutting over the last entire tile in the row. Fit another against the wall and mark where it overlaps the one below with a tile scribe, chinagraph pencil or felt-tip pen.
Take different measurements at the top and bottom of the space you’re going to fill utilizing a tape measure. Mark the measurements at the top and bottom of the tile. Line up the square with the two marks and draw the line in between them with a pencil or felt-tip pen, offering you a vertical line to cut along.
With the marks made, it’s time to cut the tiles. Head to our How to cut tiles article for suggestions on this.
After you’ve cut the tile, check to see that it fits. , if you require to make any small changes use a tile file..
You don’t have to be totally accurate as the edges will be hidden by the tiles on the other wall if you’re likewise going to tile the surrounding wall.
How to tile internal corners.
After you have actually cut the tile, check to see that it fits. , if you need to make any small modifications utilize a tile file.. If you’re likewise going to tile the surrounding wall, you do not need to be absolutely accurate as the edges will be concealed by the tiles on the other wall.
Utilize the narrow end of a notched spreader to put adhesive on the back of the cut tile. Then press it into location so it’s level with the nearby tile. Usage spacers if you need to.
If you’re tiling more than one wall, proceed to the next wall. If not, you’re ready to start grouting and finishing the tiles. For recommendations on this, jump to our section ‘How to grout and finish wall tiles’.
How to tile external corners.
Usage tile trims to get a neat finish on external corners. It also helps to protect the edges of the tiles from knocks, which might chip them.
End up tiling your very first wall.
Use a measuring tape to determine the length of the edge that you’ll be fixing the tile trim to.
Measure the tile trim to the very same size and make a mark on it to suggest where to cut. Utilize a hacksaw to cut the tile trim to the length you require.
Add a narrow strip of tile adhesive to the untiled wall utilizing the notched trowel and press the trim into it.
Line the trim up with the tiles of your very first wall. Put 2 spacers in between the trim and each tile (one near the top of the tile and one near the bottom) to ensure there’s a space for grout.
Put more tile adhesive on the untitled wall with the notched trowel. Add the adhesive vertically from top to bottom to prevent knocking the tile cut out of place with the teeth of the notched trowel.
Start tiling your 2nd wall, working away from the corner trim. As you set the tiles in place, remember to permit a narrow grouting gap in between them and the trim. Insert spacers and adjust the tiles as you go, so the space stays the very same and the trim stays in location.
How to end up and grout wall tiles.
As soon as the tiles are repaired in place and the adhesive has dried, it’s time to apply the grout.
Get rid of the extending tile spacers at the edges of the wall and at corners.
Starting in the bottom left corner, press a small amount of grout onto the face of the tiles with a trowel.
Use a grout spreader, also referred to as a grout float, to spread it, making long, diagonal strokes and working it into the joints in between tiles. Continue till you’ve grouted all the joints. The grout will soon start to harden, so do this as quick as you can.
If you’re grouting a large area, split it into areas and grout a section at a time. This is to prevent the grout hardening excessive whilst you finish grouting the whole location.
Instantly after you finish using the grout, discuss the tiles with a damp sponge (however not too damp as this might trigger discolouration) to remove any excess. Take care not to drag any grout from the joints.
Leave the grout to dry. As it does, you’ll see a powdery movie appear on the tiles from all the sponging. Wipe this off with a soft, clean cloth.
How to seal around the edge of tiling.
Sealing around the edge of tiling is essential to stop water getting behind the tiles, especially around worktops, basins and cooking area sinks. Water behind tiles can cause damage to the wall, fixtures and fittings. We’ll talk you through sealing the edge of tiling with sanitary sealant.
Connect the nozzle to the sealant and cut off the suggestion, as directed by the item directions. If needed, put the sealant into the cartridge gun.
Run a continuous bead of sealant, working from one end of the tiled area to the other, from left to. When you’re doing this, attempt to keep a constant pressure on the trigger of the weapon and a consistent speed.
Smooth any abnormalities in the shape of the bead with a sealant smoother (or a damp finger), but make sure not to pull the sealant from the surface area.
Leave the sealant to dry.
Computing the number of tiles & adhesive you need, planning and preparing the wall out the position of the tiles are all necessary elements. Our guide to preparing your wall tiles covers all you require to understand before tiling.
In our example we’re tiling a whole wall with square tiles in a linear tiling style. If you’re also going to tile the surrounding wall, you do not have to be completely precise as the edges will be concealed by the tiles on the other wall.
Start tiling your second wall, working away from the corner trim.
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