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How to tile a wall
Produce a sensational wall with attractive, resilient and useful wall tiles
Tiling is a proficient task however we’re here to help you get the best surface to your wall tiles. Whether you’re tiling a whole bathroom, a shower cubicle, a splashback in a cooking area or a small section around a fireplace, our guidance will assist you attain a fantastic outcome.
Prior to you start, it is essential to plan your tiling. Computing the number of tiles & adhesive you need, preparing the wall and preparing out the position of the tiles are all vital aspects. Our guide to preparing your wall tiles covers all you need to understand before tiling.
This guide will stroll you through how to lay the tiles. In our example we’re tiling an entire wall with square tiles in a direct tiling design. We’ll discuss how to:
- Fix whole tiles to a wall
- Cut tiles for corners and challenges and use corner tile trim
- Grout and surface wall tiles
- Seal around the edges of tiling
Tools & Materials
- Wall tiles
- Filler – if you have any holes in the wall that need filling. We advise getting an expert to make the repair work if the hole in the wall is bigger than the size of your fist.
- Tile adhesive – we suggest ready-mixed tile adhesive to save time
- Tile spacers
- Hygienic sealant – we recommend anti-mould sealant for a finish that lasts
- Grout – we encourage ready-mixed grout
- Multi-purpose clothes
- Tile trim – as needed.
- Tape measure
- Chinagraph pencil or felt-tip pen – if needed, to mark tiles for cutting
- Notched trowel (also called a notched spreader).
- Tile cutter.
- Tile file – if required.
- Hacksaw – if required, to cut the tile trim.
- Grout spreader (likewise referred to as a grout float).
- Grout finisher (also referred to as a grout shaper).
- Claw hammer.
- Cartridge weapon – if needed. Some sealant comes as a trigger gun and doesn’t require a cartridge gun. Examine the item directions for the sealant.
- Sealant smoother.
- Security gloves.
- Dust mask.
- When cutting tiles, use safety goggles and a dust mask to safeguard you from flying pieces and sharp edges.
How to tile a whole wall.
Once you’ve planned the tiles, prepared the wall and repaired your lumber battens, lay whole tiles initially by following these actions.
Scoop up some tile adhesive with the trowel and press it onto the wall, beginning in the corner formed by the lumber battens. Spread it with the notched trowel, working away from the corner with horizontal strokes. Hold the edge of the notched trowel at an angle of about 45 °. The ridges in the adhesive will make sure there’s an equal quantity behind each tile, making it much easier to get them all level. Attempt not to deal with more than one square metre at a time, as the adhesive might begin hardening prior to you have actually put all the tiles in place.
Select an ideal tile adhesive for your tiles: for ceramic tiles utilize a ready-mixed tile adhesive or powder adhesive and a powder tile adhesive for porcelain tiles.
If your tiles are larger than 20 x 20, use adhesive to the wall and likewise on the back of the tiles.
Place your very first tile into the corner, pressing its edges against the corners and the whole tile strongly against the wall. Add a tile above it and one next to the initial tile pushing them securely into the adhesive utilizing a twisting action.
If you let it dry it’ll be very difficult to take off, wipe off any adhesive from the tiles with a wet sponge as you go–.
Leading suggestion – applying mosaic tiles.
When applying mosaic tiles to the wall, hold a piece of board over the tiles while the adhesive is wet and tap the board gently with a rubber mallet. This will give the tiles a flat, even end up.
Some mosaics are set at different heights, in which case you need to utilize your hand to guarantee they’re all individually bedded into the adhesive.
Put tile spacers into the corners between the tiles and change the tile positions as and when needed. Push them in securely and place them flush versus the wall so you can grout over them.
Add another tile above the last one you applied, and another beside it. Continue using the whole tiles in this way until you have actually tiled the location covered with tile adhesive.
Apply another square metre of adhesive and tiles up until you have actually fixed all the entire tiles.
At the edges of the wall, put one leg of the spacer between the tiles so the rest is protruding– we’ll eliminate this later prior to grouting.
Delegate dry for the length of time directed on the tile adhesive instructions.
Get rid of the vertical timber batten by prising out it’s nails with the claw of a hammer.
Fix entire tiles to the other section of the wall, beginning with the corner beside the tiles you have actually already repaired.
Once all the entire tiles have been repaired and are dry, remove the horizontal lumber batten.
Now you have actually fixed all of the whole tiles, you’re ready to fill the edges and corners of the wall. Head to ‘How to tile corners’ to learn how to do this.
How to tile corners.
In this area, we’ll talk you through tiling corners. There are 2 types of corner– internal and external. These could be corners produced by walls or corners produced by blockages:.
The corner join in between two walls, for instance the corner of a room, or the corner developed by a door frame.
Outward-facing corner that protrudes into the space, for example the corner of a feature wall or the edge of a window recess.
There’s a various method for tiling depending on the type of corner, and we’ll explain both techniques in this section.
In some cases you may discover that you can fit entire tiles throughout the wall without requiring to cut a tile for the corner. If no cuts are required, dive to the area ‘How to grout and end up wall tiles’.
In many cases, you’ll need to cut a tile to suit the corner.
How to determine and mark tiles for cutting.
There are 2 methods to mark a tile and determine for cutting:.
Hold the tile you’ll be cutting over the last whole tile in the row. Fit another against the wall and mark where it overlaps the one below with a tile scribe, chinagraph pencil or felt-tip pen.
Take separate measurements at the top and bottom of the area you’re going to fill utilizing a measuring tape. Mark the measurements at the top and bottom of the tile. Line up the square with the two marks and draw the line between them with a pencil or felt-tip pen, providing you a vertical line to cut along.
With the marks made, it’s time to cut the tiles. Head to our How to cut tiles short article for advice on this.
After you’ve cut the tile, check to see that it fits. , if you require to make any little adjustments utilize a tile file..
If you’re likewise going to tile the surrounding wall, you don’t have to be absolutely precise as the edges will be hidden by the tiles on the other wall.
How to tile internal corners.
After you have actually cut the tile, check to see that it fits. , if you require to make any small changes use a tile file.. You don’t have to be absolutely precise as the edges will be hidden by the tiles on the other wall if you’re likewise going to tile the nearby wall.
Utilize the narrow end of a notched spreader to put adhesive on the back of the cut tile. Press it into location so it’s level with the nearby tile. If you require to, Use spacers.
Move on to the next wall if you’re tiling more than one wall. If not, you’re ready to begin grouting and completing the tiles. For recommendations on this, dive to our section ‘How to finish and grout wall tiles’.
How to tile external corners.
Usage tile trims to get a cool surface on external corners. It likewise assists to safeguard the edges of the tiles from knocks, which might chip them.
Complete tiling your first wall.
Utilize a measuring tape to determine the length of the edge that you’ll be fixing the tile trim to.
Measure the tile trim to the very same size and make a mark on it to suggest where to cut. Use a hacksaw to cut the tile trim to the length you require.
Include a narrow strip of tile adhesive to the untiled wall utilizing the notched trowel and press the trim into it.
Line the trim up with the tiles of your first wall. Put two spacers in between the trim and each tile (one near the top of the tile and one near the bottom) to ensure there’s a space for grout.
Put more tile adhesive on the untitled wall with the notched trowel. Add the adhesive vertically from top to bottom to avoid knocking the tile trim out of place with the teeth of the notched trowel.
Start tiling your 2nd wall, working far from the corner trim. As you set the tiles in place, keep in mind to enable a narrow grouting gap in between them and the trim. Insert spacers and change the tiles as you go, so the gap remains the very same and the trim stays in place.
How to grout and finish wall tiles.
Once the tiles are fixed in place and the adhesive has actually dried, it’s time to apply the grout.
Remove the protruding tile spacers at the edges of the wall and at corners.
Starting in the bottom left corner, press a small amount of grout onto the face of the tiles with a trowel.
Utilize a grout spreader, also referred to as a grout float, to spread it, making long, diagonal strokes and working it into the joints between tiles. Continue till you have actually grouted all the joints. The grout will soon start to solidify, so do this as fast as you can.
Split it into areas and grout a section at a time if you’re grouting a big location. This is to avoid the grout hardening excessive whilst you end up grouting the whole location.
Instantly after you finish applying the grout, review the tiles with a wet sponge (however not too wet as this might cause discolouration) to eliminate any excess. Take care not to drag any grout from the joints.
Leave the grout to dry. As it does, you’ll discover a grainy movie appear on the tiles from all the sponging. Clean this off with a soft, tidy cloth.
How to seal around the edge of tiling.
Sealing around the edge of tiling is important to stop water supporting the tiles, especially around worktops, basins and cooking area sinks. Water behind tiles can trigger damage to the wall, fittings and fixtures. We’ll talk you through sealing the edge of tiling with hygienic sealant.
Attach the nozzle to the sealant and cut off the pointer, as directed by the product instructions. If required, put the sealant into the cartridge gun.
Run a continuous bead of sealant, working from one end of the tiled area to the other, from left to right. When you’re doing this, try to keep a stable pressure on the trigger of the gun and a consistent speed.
Smooth any abnormalities in the shape of the bead with a sealant smoother (or a damp finger), but make sure not to pull the sealant from the surface.
Leave the sealant to dry.
Determining the number of tiles & adhesive you require, planning and preparing the wall out the position of the tiles are all vital aspects. Our guide to planning your wall tiles covers all you need to know before tiling.
In our example we’re tiling a whole wall with square tiles in a direct tiling design. If you’re likewise going to tile the nearby wall, you don’t have to be totally precise as the edges will be concealed by the tiles on the other wall.
Start tiling your second wall, working away from the corner trim.
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