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How To Tile A Wall: A Complete Guide To Wall Tiling
The thought of tiling your own walls may be daunting prospect, however with the right preparation and by using the right tools, it’s a lot more straightforward than you may think. If you’re a bit intimidated by wall tiling then don’t be as we’ve created this useful guide that covers whatever there is understand about wall tiling! You can utilize the buttons below to skip to the bit you’re interested in or just scroll to read the whole lot.
Before Laying Your Tiles
Prior to you start, make certain the surfaces you’ll be dealing with are clean, dry and flat. Strip it back to the plaster and fill in any holes or fractures if you’re tiling over wallpaper. Inspect the brand-new plaster is dry prior to you begin, keeping in mind it can take at least two months to set correctly, and utilize Mapei Primer G to prime any permeable surfaces.
As with all Do It Yourself tasks, correct preparation and your security come. Below is a list of products, protective equipment and tiling tools you’ll require to get the job done in a safe method and to a high requirement:
Wall Tiling Preparation
How many tiles do you need?
The primary step is working out how many tiles you require, and to do that, you have to calculate the area of the area you’ll be covering. Measure the height and width of the area then increase the figures.
Make certain to factor in the location of any windows, cupboards or doors and subtract this from the total. To conserve confusion, it sometimes helps to knock up a quick sketch with all the measurements written down.
Once you ensure the mathematics, you can go ahead and buy your tiles. A lot of ceramic tile packs cover a square metre, but we ‘d recommend having around 5-10% additional simply in case.
It’s constantly suggested to start tiling your grid in the centre of the wall, as it’s simpler to make certain your pattern is symmetrical. It also suggests any half-tiles you may require can go at completion of each row and will be of matching size. While it’s tempting to begin in the corner, it may leave you with wonky rows and an untidy surface by the time you’re done.
Produce Your Design
As we mentioned earlier, establish your vertical rows from the middle of your space. You can find this simply by determining the height and width, and marking the middle with a pencil.
A gauge rod is a smart way to help you with your row and end tile size. We advise utilizing a 50mm x 25mm piece of wood, although any will do, with a length of around 1.8 m depending on the size of your wall.
Set out a line of tiles with space in between them, then line up the batten edge with that of your very first tile. Mark each tile and spaces on the rod with a pencil and number them. By doing this, it’s simple to see the number of you need in each row.
Hold the gauge rod in line with the centre of your wall and mark the tile positions throughout it:
As soon as you reach a corner, check if the last tile needs to be cut in order to fit. If less than half a tile will be needed we suggest changing your beginning position, as larger tiles look better when completed:
Line up the rod at the original mark and make a brand-new one midway between 2 tile marks if you do require to move your starting point. This must suggest your end tiles you need to cut will be majority a tile large, which your centre line and centre tile now match up:
Hold the gauge rod against your brand-new mark and, utilizing a level to make ensure it’s straight, draw the line from side to side:
Creating Horizontal Rows
It’s time for the horizontal ones once you have actually established your vertical rows. We advise using wood battens secured to the wall as a guide, as they’ll likewise help avoid slippage while the adhesive is setting.
With any luck, the wall and rod lines will match up and you will not have to cut any tiles for the bottom and top rows. If not, just halve the distance between the wall and rod marks and, as with the vertical rows, make sure it’s more than half a tile broad.
Procedure the range between the two wall marks and include another midway in between them:
Hold the gauge rod clear of the skirting/floor then align one if its marks with the one you’ve just made. Make another mark level with the foot of the rod.This will be where your horizontal row starts. Using a long straight edge and level, draw a line throughout the wall from the mark:
Inspect behind the wall for any pipes or cable televisions, then nail your 50mm x 25mm batten. Its top edge should be aligned with the horizontal pencil line, and ought to be straight. Use another batten for the vertical line. It’s an excellent idea to leave the batten’s nail heads protruding slightly as they’ll be simpler to remove later:
Part-Tiling A Wall
If you’re just part-tiling a wall a top horizontal row full of whole tiles makes for a much cleaner surface, so we think it’s truly worth investing a long time to get it right.
Use a gauge rod to exercise the position of the most affordable horizontal row, then mark the top row’s position on the wall:
Fill the space between your bottom row and skirting/floor with cut tiles. Remember, you do not desire them too small, so move your top row if they’re less than half a tile:
If you do not like the idea of cutting tiles and would rather prevent it, examine to see if the skirting/wall is even. Utilize a long, straight batten, levelled with a spirit level, to find the most affordable point. You can use it to align your tiles rather if it’s straight. If not, it’s time to get cutting those tiles!
Fixing Entire Tiles To A Wall
It’s really important to begin laying your field tiles so the faces are level. Remove them and either include or remove adhesive so they all sit flush if any are irregular.
Bevelled or rounded glazed edge tiles generally mean you will not require corner trim. Tile the very first wall right up to the edge of your area then do the very same for the return, permitting the corners to overlap. Make sure to leave a gap for grouting, too.
Starting in the corner of your two battens, scoop up and use some adhesive to the wall utilizing your notched trowel. With a notched trowel, work away from the vertical batten in horizontal strokes holding the blade at around 45 °. We’re searching for great ridges here, as they mean an equivalent amount of adhesive behind the tiles and a better possibility of them being straight. Work around one square metre at a time so the adhesive doesn’t dry out:
Use the very first tile to the corner where your battens satisfy so its edges are against them, and push its centre strongly to the wall. Add the tiles above and next to it, making certain to leave a space between them:
Include tile spacers to these spaces and adjust the tiles where necessary. Press your spacers in firmly to produce an even grout and easier joints in the future:
Continue adding tiles up until you’ve covered all the adhesive, then continue the process for the remainder of the wall. Wipe any excess adhesive from the tiles utilizing a.
damp sponge as you go– it’s challenging to get off as soon as it’s dried:
Remove the vertical batten and scrape off any excess adhesive that might have escaped from under the tiles. Then round off the wall with the cut tiles required for the.
Tiling Internal Corners.
The easiest way to determine for cutting is using the last whole one in the row– hold a tile over it, location another versus the wall, and then mark they overlap in felt pointer pen. Otherwise, simply take separate measurements at the top and bottom of the space and cut the tile to fit:
Examine the cut tile fits effectively in the gap and change with a tile file if required. If you’re going to tile the next wall too you don’t require to be absolutely accurate here, but remember to leave enough space in the corner for grout if you’re just tiling one:
Apply adhesive to the back of your cut tile utilizing the narrow end of a notched trowel. Put it in place so it’s level, press to protect it, and utilize joint spacers to keep the gaps if needed:
Repeat the procedure for the next one as soon as you’ve completed your first wall. Always pursue the neatest grouted joint possible where the two walls meet. This can be the distinction in between it looking scrappy and a job well done:
Tiling External Corners.
For a neat finish on your external corners, corner trim is a must. It can be found in a variety of colours and products (anodised aluminium is popular) and sizes and assists protect your edges from knocks and chips.
Cut your corner trim to the right length using a hacksaw, then use a strip of adhesive to the return wall and press it in. Align the trim with the tiles from your first wall leaving room for grout in the future: Vertically apply more adhesive to the return wall with a notched trowel, making sure not to loosen or knock off any tiles from the other wall:
Repeat the procedure from the very first wall, working away from the corner trim and remembering to leave space for grout. Use spacers to assist you adjust the tiles should.
you require to, and make sure the range between tiles remains constant. Confirm the trim hasn’t moved and readjust if needed when you have actually ended up:
Tiling A Splashback.
Tiling a splashback will depend almost totally on the shape of your basin. If there’s a straight or perhaps slightly curved back, measure the wall’s depth in multiples of entire tiles. A more noticable curved methods you’ll require to cut tiles to fit and allow for a row of half-tiles closest to your basin. If there’s just a slight curve, or the edge is completely directly, you can lay the first row level to it without needing to cut tiles. We suggest using either cardboard or paper spacers to direct you while the adhesive dries, which can then be removed and the sign up with filled with sealant.
Procedure the width of your basin in whole tiles then mark the centre point on the wall:
Set out a row of tiles and consist of areas and edging strips at either end. Cut a wooden batten to the very same length and mark the tile and join positions on it. This will be your gauge rod, in addition to your lower batten for any half-tiles:
Draw a vertical line from the centre point up the wall utilizing a spirit level:
To cut the bottom row of tiles, repair the batten to the wall with 50mm masonry nails in the centre of the vertical line. Examine it’s straight utilizing.
a spirit level. If you’re uncertain, the upper edge must be around half a tile’s width from the top of the basin:
Use the adhesive equally to the location with a notched trowel. If you’re uncertain, the upper edge should be around half a tile’s width from the top of the basin:
Start in the middle and attach your very first tile in line with the batten’s marks. As soon as you’ve completed that row, continue above it fitting spacers as you go:
Utilize a wet cloth to rub out any excess adhesive:
Apply matching glazed trim to the side and upper edges, then mark and suffice to the ideal length. Cut the corners to 45 ° and fine-tune with a tile apply for a particularly wise finish:
When your edges are used, get rid of the batten and determine the space below. Cut your tiles to fit, remembering to allow for sealant in between the sink and tiles. .
when the adhesive is dry, use the grout and seal the bottom gap:
And there you have it! If that doesn’t answer your questions about wall tiling then we don’t understand what will. if you’re still left desiring more however you can constantly watch our helpful How-To videos featuring TV handyman Craig Phillips or go to the Help Centre section of our site for more valuable tips and pointers. To download this guide in PDF format, click the button listed below:.
The thought of tiling your own walls might be challenging prospect, but with the right preparation and by using the right tools, it’s a lot more simple than you might believe. Lay out a line of tiles with area between them, then line up the batten edge with that of your very first tile. If not, merely halve the distance between the wall and rod marks and, as with the vertical rows, make sure it’s more than half a tile large. Tile the first wall right up to the edge of your space then do the very same for the return, enabling the corners to overlap. Cut your tiles to fit, keeping in mind to allow for sealant between the sink and tiles.
Watch this video and learn how to tile kitchen wall
Tiles are usually thin, square or rectangular coverings manufactured from hard-wearing material such as ceramic, stone, metal, baked clay, or even glass. They are generally unadulterated in place in an array to cover roofs, floors, walls, edges, or extra objects such as tabletops. Alternatively, tile can sometimes attend to to same units made from lightweight materials such as perlite, wood, and mineral wool, typically used for wall and ceiling applications. In unconventional sense, a tile is a construction tile or similar object, such as rectangular counters used in playing games (see tile-based game). The word is derived from the French word tuile, which is, in turn, from the Latin word tegula, meaning a roof tile composed of afire clay.
Tiles are often used to form wall and floor coverings, and can range from easy square tiles to puzzling or mosaics. Tiles are most often made of ceramic, typically glazed for internal uses and unglazed for roofing, but further materials are after that commonly used, such as glass, cork, concrete and new composite materials, and stone. Tiling stone is typically marble, onyx, granite or slate. Thinner tiles can be used on walls than on floors, which require more durable surfaces that will resist impacts.
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