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How to tile a wall


Create a stunning wall with attractive, practical and resilient wall tiles

tiler dublin
Tiling is a competent task but we’re here to assist you get the best surface to your wall tiles. Whether you’re tiling an entire restroom, a shower cubicle, a splashback in a kitchen or a small section around a fireplace, our suggestions will help you attain an excellent result.
Prior to you begin, it is very important to prepare your tiling. Computing the number of tiles & adhesive you need, preparing the wall and planning out the position of the tiles are all essential factors. Our guide to preparing your wall tiles covers all you need to know before tiling.
This guide will walk you through how to lay the tiles. In our example we’re tiling a whole wall with square tiles in a linear tiling design. We’ll discuss how to:

  • Repair entire tiles to a wall
  • Cut tiles for challenges and corners and use corner tile trim
  • Grout and finish wall tiles
  • Seal around the edges of tiling


Tools & Materials




  • Wall tiles
  • Filler – if you have any holes in the wall that need filling. If the hole in the wall is larger than the size of your fist, we suggest getting a professional to make the repair work.
  • Tile adhesive – we recommend ready-mixed tile adhesive to conserve time
  • Tile spacers
  • Sanitary sealant – we recommend anti-mould sealant for a finish that lasts
  • Grout – we advise ready-mixed grout
  • Multi-purpose fabrics
  • Tile trim – as required.




  • Rule
  • Tape measure
  • Chinagraph pencil or felt-tip pen – if required, to mark tiles for cutting
  • Trowel
  • Notched trowel (also called a notched spreader).
  • Tile cutter.
  • Tile file – if needed.
  • Hacksaw – if needed, to cut the tile trim.
  • Grout spreader (also referred to as a grout float).
  • Grout finisher (also referred to as a grout shaper).
  • Claw hammer.
  • Sponge.
  • Bucket.
  • Level.
  • Cartridge weapon – if needed. Some sealant comes as a trigger gun and doesn’t require a cartridge gun. Inspect the item directions for the sealant.
  • Sealant smoother.


Security set.


  • Safety gloves.
  • Dust mask.





  • When cutting tiles, use security goggles and a dust mask to secure you from flying fragments and sharp edges.


How to tile an entire wall.

Once you have actually prepared the tiles, prepared the wall and fixed your wood battens, lay whole tiles initially by following these actions.

wall tiling step 1


Action 1.

Scoop up some tile adhesive with the trowel and press it onto the wall, beginning in the corner formed by the lumber battens. Then spread it with the notched trowel, working far from the corner with horizontal strokes. Hold the edge of the notched trowel at an angle of about 45 °. The ridges in the adhesive will guarantee there’s an equivalent amount behind each tile, making it simpler to get them all level. Attempt not to deal with more than one square metre at a time, as the adhesive could begin solidifying before you have actually put all the tiles in place.
Choose an ideal tile adhesive for your tiles: for ceramic tiles utilize a ready-mixed tile adhesive or powder adhesive and a powder tile adhesive for porcelain tiles.
If your tiles are larger than 20 x 20, apply adhesive to the wall and likewise on the back of the tiles.


Action 2.

Place your first tile into the corner, pushing its edges against the corners and the entire tile securely versus the wall. Include a tile above it and one next to the original tile pressing them firmly into the adhesive utilizing a twisting action.
Rub out any adhesive from the tiles with a moist sponge as you go– if you let it dry it’ll be really challenging to remove.
Top idea – applying mosaic tiles.
When using mosaic tiles to the wall, hold a piece of board over the tiles while the adhesive is wet and tap the board lightly with a rubber mallet. This will offer the tiles a flat, even complete.
Some mosaics are set at different heights, in which case you need to use your hand to guarantee they’re all individually bedded into the adhesive.

Step 3.

Put tile spacers into the corners between the tiles and change the tile positions as and when required. Press them in strongly and position them flush versus the wall so you can grout over them.

Step 4.

Add another tile above the last one you used, and another next to it. Continue applying the entire tiles in this way up until you’ve tiled the location covered with tile adhesive.
Apply another square metre of adhesive and tiles till you have actually fixed all the whole tiles.
At the edges of the wall, put one leg of the spacer between the tiles so the rest is protruding– we’ll eliminate this later prior to grouting.

Step 5.

Delegate dry for the length of time directed on the tile adhesive directions.

Action 6.

Get rid of the vertical wood batten by prising out it’s nails with the claw of a hammer.

Action 7.

Fix entire tiles to the other section of the wall, starting from the corner beside the tiles you’ve already repaired.

Step 8.

Once all the whole tiles have been fixed and are dry, eliminate the horizontal lumber batten.
Now you have actually repaired all of the entire tiles, you’re ready to fill the edges and corners of the wall. Head to ‘How to tile corners’ to discover how to do this.

How to tile corners.

In this area, we’ll talk you through tiling corners. There are two kinds of corner– internal and external. These could be corners produced by corners or walls developed by obstructions:.

Internal corner.

The corner join in between 2 walls, for instance the corner of a room, or the corner developed by a door frame.

External corner.

Outward-facing corner that protrudes into the room, for example the corner of a function wall or the edge of a window recess.
There’s a different approach for tiling depending upon the kind of corner, and we’ll explain both methods in this area.
Sometimes you may find that you can fit entire tiles across the wall without needing to cut a tile for the corner. If no cuts are essential, jump to the area ‘How to end up and grout wall tiles’.
For the most part, you’ll need to cut a tile to suit the corner.

How to measure and mark tiles for cutting.

There are two ways to determine and mark a tile for cutting:.

Option 1.

Hold the tile you’ll be cutting over the last whole tile in the row. Fit another against the wall and mark where it overlaps the one below with a tile scribe, chinagraph pencil or felt-tip pen.

Alternative 2.

Take separate measurements at the top and bottom of the area you’re going to fill using a measuring tape. Mark the measurements at the top and bottom of the tile. Line up the square with the two marks and draw a line between them with a pencil or felt-tip pen, giving you a vertical line to cut along.
With the marks made, it’s time to cut the tiles. Head to our How to cut tiles article for suggestions on this.

Action 1.

After you’ve cut the tile, check to see that it fits. If you require to make any little modifications utilize a tile file.
You do not have to be totally accurate as the edges will be hidden by the tiles on the other wall if you’re likewise going to tile the nearby wall.

How to tile internal corners.


Action 1.

After you have actually cut the tile, check to see that it fits. , if you require to make any little modifications use a tile file.. If you’re likewise going to tile the adjacent wall, you don’t have to be absolutely precise as the edges will be concealed by the tiles on the other wall.

Step 2.

Utilize the narrow end of a notched spreader to put adhesive on the back of the cut tile. Then press it into place so it’s level with the nearby tile. Usage spacers if you require to.

Action 3.

If you’re tiling more than one wall, proceed to the next wall. If not, you’re ready to begin grouting and ending up the tiles. For guidance on this, jump to our area ‘How to end up and grout wall tiles’.

How to tile external corners.

Usage tile trims to get a neat surface on external corners. It likewise assists to secure the edges of the tiles from knocks, which could chip them. The trim comes in a variety of materials, colours, sizes and shapes. Here we’re using white 1/4 inch external edge tile trim.

Action 1.

End up tiling your very first wall.

Action 2.

Use a measuring tape to measure the length of the edge that you’ll be repairing the tile trim to.

Action 3.

Measure the tile trim to the same size and make a mark on it to indicate where to cut. Use a hacksaw to cut the tile trim to the length you require.

Step 4.

Add a narrow strip of tile adhesive to the untiled wall using the notched trowel and press the trim into it.

Step 5.

Line the trim up with the tiles of your first wall. Put 2 spacers between the trim and each tile (one near the top of the tile and one near the bottom) to make sure there’s a gap for grout.

Action 6.

Put more tile adhesive on the untitled wall with the notched trowel. Add the adhesive vertically from top to bottom to avoid knocking the tile trim out of place with the teeth of the notched trowel.

Action 7.

Start tiling your second wall, working away from the corner trim. As you set the tiles in place, keep in mind to permit a narrow grouting space in between them and the trim. Place spacers and adjust the tiles as you go, so the gap remains the very same and the trim stays in location.

How to end up and grout wall tiles.

When the tiles are fixed in place and the adhesive has actually dried, it’s time to apply the grout.

Step 1.

Eliminate the protruding tile spacers at the edges of the wall and at corners.

Step 2.

Starting in the bottom left corner, press a small amount of grout onto the face of the tiles with a trowel.
Use a grout spreader, also known as a grout float, to spread it, making long, diagonal strokes and working it into the joints in between tiles. Continue until you have actually grouted all the joints. The grout will soon begin to solidify, so do this as quick as you can.
Split it into areas and grout an area at a time if you’re grouting a big area. This is to avoid the grout solidifying too much whilst you complete grouting the entire area.

Action 3.

Instantly after you finish applying the grout, discuss the tiles with a moist sponge (but not too damp as this may trigger discolouration) to get rid of any excess. Take care not to drag any grout from the joints.

Step 4.

Leave the grout to dry. As it does, you’ll discover a grainy film appear on the tiles from all the sponging. Clean this off with a soft, clean fabric.

How to seal around the edge of tiling.

Sealing around the edge of tiling is necessary to stop water getting behind the tiles, especially around worktops, basins and kitchen area sinks. Water behind tiles can cause damage to the wall, fittings and fixtures. We’ll talk you through sealing the edge of tiling with sanitary sealant.

Action 1.

Attach the nozzle to the sealant and cut off the suggestion, as directed by the item guidelines. Put the sealant into the cartridge weapon if needed.

Action 2.

Run a continuous bead of sealant, working from one end of the tiled area to the other, from left to. When you’re doing this, attempt to keep a steady pressure on the trigger of the weapon and a constant speed.

Action 3.

Smooth any abnormalities in the shape of the bead with a sealant smoother (or a wet finger), but make sure not to pull the sealant from the surface area.

Step 4.


Leave the sealant to dry.

Calculating the number of tiles & adhesive you require, planning and preparing the wall out the position of the tiles are all important aspects. Our guide to planning your wall tiles covers all you require to know before tiling.

In our example we’re tiling a whole wall with square tiles in a direct tiling style. If you’re likewise going to tile the surrounding wall, you don’t have to be totally precise as the edges will be hidden by the tiles on the other wall.
Start tiling your 2nd wall, working away from the corner trim.

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